PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND IMPROVED TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTIVE RELAYS
This paper describes a new approach for transformer differential protection that ensures security for external faults, inrush, and overexcitation conditions and provides dependability for internal faults. This approach combines harmonic restraint and blocking methods with a wave shape recognition technique. First, we review the concept of transformer differential protection. We then analyze magnetizing inrush, overexcitation, and current transformer (CT) saturation phenomena as possible causes of relay misoperation. After summarizing the existing methods for discriminating internal faults from inrush and overexcitation conditions, we propose a new approach for transformer differential protection and describe the relay that is based on this approach. Finally, we compare the behavior of some of these methods for real cases of magnetizing inrush conditions.
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